Study Plans   
Home][ Science Fair] .


  Courage isn't the absence of fear; it's the dealing with it. - Randall

"Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new."
(Albert Einstein)

"If you don't know where you are going, any road will take you there." - Geoge Harrison

"Criticize by creating." — Michelangelo

"It is not the strongest of the species that survives, nor the most intelligent,
but the one most responsive to change."

~ Charles Darwin

"Treat people as if they were what they ought to be, and you help them to become what they are capable of being."
~~ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749 - 1832) German poet, novelist, playwright, and philosopher


100th Anniv. of Kitty Hawk - Part I (audio):

24/7 Science:
"View Collections, Play Games & Activities"

25 Things You Can Do To Save Coral Reefs:
In the United States, the Department of Commerce's National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is responsible for monitoring and maintaining the health of domestic coral
reefs. But everyone can help, even those who don't live near a coral reef. To that end, NOAA offers twenty-five reef-saving activities ("Become a member of your local aquarium or zoo.") that will spur your own reef conservation ideas.

ABC's of Nuclear Science:
This site introduces the object that contains almost all of the mass in the universe, the atomic nucleus.
Antimatter, beta rays, fission & fusion, the structure of the atomic nucleus, how elements on the earth were produced, how we use the nucleus in every day life, & the effects of radiation in the environment are among the topics. The site includes nearly a dozen experiments that can be done in chemistry & physics classes, along with "A Teacher's Guide to the Nuclear Science Wall Chart."

Action Biosience:
"Bringing biology to informed decision making"

Acoustics and Vibrations Animations:

The Adventures of Herman:
"The autobiography of Squirmin' Heman the worm" in English and Spanish, with a Teacher's Bin
. Herman is a red worm that lives in a bin and eats his weight in garbage every day. Of course not just any garbage, but specifically fruit, vegetables, tea bags, egg shells, newspapers and coffee grounds. And as he eats, he leaves behind valuable castings that can be used as fertilizer in your garden. Learn all about him and his cousin the earthworm, and how to build a worm bin at home or your in your classroom.

Adventures of Lilo the Green Sea Turtle:
"The goal of this site is to provide educational information on a variety of subjects ranging from aviation to space travel to aerospace technology."

AIMS Puzzle Corner:

US and Canada Air Quality

A. Einstein: Image and Impact:
The American Institute of Physics site explores Einstein's life through historical accounts, photographs and sound clips.

Webcams, Live Safari Cams, African Radion Formus, Videos, Blogs, etc.

Agriculture in the Classroom:

The Albatross Project:
Information about albatrosses and scientific studies done by kids all over the world with scientists to track ocean-going albatrosses in Hawaii and the Galapagos Islands.

The Albert Einstein Archives:
From the Hebrew Universtiy of Jerusalem

Alex's Paper Airplanes:
How to make the best paper airplanes

Alice (or Sally) the Camel:

Alien Empire:, from the PBS show, "Nature," tells you everything you ever wanted (or perhaps didn't want!) to know about bugs.  Visitors can solve bug-related puzzles, watch videos, or make an insect mask. The site also includes links to other related resources.

All About Bats-A First Grade Journey:

All About Birds:
from the CornellLab of Ornithology

All About Birds:

All About Butterflies:

All About Frogs for Kids and Teachers:
Beyond the Q's and A's you'll find fun frog crafts, songs and poems, original froggie clipart (free for non-commercial use), and links to lesson plans for K-8 teachers. Although the bulk of this site is for elementary students, middle and high-school students will find links to sites with more in-depth coverage under More Frog Facts and Information.

All About Plate Tectonics:
With lots of colorful illustrations, Enchanting Learning introduces continental drift and the Earth's plates to both elementary and middle-school students. The Continental Drift animation, which can be run both forward and backwards, shows how the continents have moved over the last 800 million years. Also there is a paragraph on the father of plate tectonics, Alfred Wegener, plus quizzes and printable activity sheets.

All About Rainforests:

All About Snow:
"Is it ever too cold to snow? How big can snowflakes get? Why is snow white?" Everything you ever wanted to know about snow (but didn't know who to ask) is answered here by the National Snow and Ice Data Center, affiliated with the University of Colorado. This educational site also includes a Snow Glossary (from "ablation" to "vapor pressure"), a Snow Fact Sheet and a feature on the history of snow removal. The first known snow plow was pulled by horses through the "snow-clogged streets" of Milwaukee in 1862.

All the Water in the World:
This site has two sets of lesson plans: k-3 and 4-6

The Amazing Adaptable Frog:

Amazing Space:

American Experience: Edison's Miracle of Light:
Produced as a web companion to the 1995 PBS television special, Edison's Miracle of Light is a worthwhile stop even if you've not seen the film. There is a time line of Edison's life, photo gallery of eight of his inventions, and Special Features. "In 1887 direct current (DC) was king. At that time there were 121 Edison power stations scattered across the United States delivering DC electricity to its customers." Learn all about AC/DC in the first interactive Special Feature. The second is a collection of five fun tunes the Edison company produced on phonograph records between 1919 and 1926.

American Fancy Rat & Mouse Association:

American Museum of Natural History:

American Red Cross:
In addition to the latest news about disasters, relief efforts, and how we can help, this site provides information about how we can protect ourselves in disaster situations (hurricanes, floods, blackouts). There is information about generator safety, food and water safety, and "talking points for educators."

Amphibian Specialist Group:

Amusement Park Physics: What are the forces behind the fun?:

An Apple for the Teacher: Activities for Johnny Appleseed's Birthday:

An Uplifting Experience:

Shape Patterns

Animal Coloring Pages:

Animals of the Arctic
 Reindeer have broad , flat hooves that give them support in winter snows and in summer mud.  They have side dewclaws that keep them from sinking into the snow and mud.  Their hooves act like snowshoes. A dewclaw is a toe that does not reach the ground.  When reindeer walk, you hear a click, click sound.  This is caused by the snapping of a tendon in each foot.  Their ears and nose are covered with thick fur to protect them against the cold.  Their hearing is not very sharp, and their eyesight is poor.  Their sense of smell, however, is very strong.   Female reindeer are the only female deer with antlers.  Males lose their antlers around October, when mating season ends.  Females keep their antlers until around May.  During the winter antlers help females protect the calves they are carrying.  When they begin growing, reindeer antlers are covered with a soft, furry membrane called velvet.  The velvet carries blood to the antlers.  While the antlers are growing, reindeer are very careful not to bump or damage them. But within days after their antlers stop growing, male reindeer start rubbing their antlers on trees and bushes to scrape off the velvet.  Antlers are very hard and bonelike.  They can weigh 22 to 32 pounds.  Males use their antlers to fight off other males during mating season.  Reindeer have a double coat of fur.  They have a thick outer coat with hairs that are like hollow tubes.  These hairs make them better able to float in water.  The undercoat has short, dense hairs.  Wild reindeer might migrate more than a thousand miles each year.  In the spring they travel north.   When the weather grows colder, they travel back south.  Reindeer eat grasses and woody plants in the summer.  In the winter they eat moss and lichen, little flat plants that grow underneath the snow.  Reindeer can eat may  plants that would be poisonous to other animals.  Chemicals, or enzymes, in their stomachs break down the poison.  Reindeer herds are on the move all the time looking for food.  They also are excellent swimmers.
Musk oxen have lived on the treeless, windswept slopes of the arctic region for more than a million years.  Like the reindeer, they have a two-layer coat.  The undercoat is a woolly fur.  The outer coat is long, coarse hair that nearly sweeps the ground.  They can weigh as much as 1,300 pounds.
Arctic foxes travel across hundreds of miles in search of food.  They eat the leftovers of animals killed by polar bears or wolves.  They also eat small animals, birds and fish. They eat more fruit than any other type of fox.  Females, or vixen, can have from 2 to 25 pups in a litter.  Most of the year their fur is colored in shades of blue and white.  During the summer, their fur grows shorter and turns brown.  This color change enables them to blend in with their surroundings.   Their fur can keep them warm in temperatures as cold as 94 degrees Fahrenheit below zero.  Long fur on the bottom of their paws helps them gain traction on the snow.
Polar bears might travel as much as 19 miles a day in their search for food.  People native to the arctic regions call polar bears Nanook, which means "always moving."  They need to eat enough food to provide them with about four pounds of fat a day.  They have a thick layer of fat under their skin to help them stay warm.   Their favorite food is the ringed seal.  They also eat berries, plants, whale meat, reindeer, birds and other animals they catch.  They do not really have white fur.  Their fur is made up of clear hairs that reflect the sun onto their bodies. This helps keep them warm.  Polar bears can weigh up to 2,200 pounds.
from The Mini Page by Betty Debnam, Times Herald-Record, December 12, 1998

The Animals of The Mitten:
"You can print these masks and use them for a Mitten play.

A family-safe search engine for animal related web sites.

Animal Tic-Tac-Toe:
In order to reinforce animal groups (reptiles, mammals, insects, etc.), this activity uses magazine cutout representations on a tic-tac-toe template for the opponents.

"An antibubble is the opposite of a bubble...An antibubble in liquid is a thinn film of air surrounding liquid.

Antibubbles: A simple science project:


For elementary grades, Enchanted Learning has sections on five kinds of apes: gorillas, chimpanzees, orangutans, gibbons and siamangs. Each section includes a feature article with lots of fast facts, a printable quiz, coloring page, and related web links. To learn how apes fit into the primate order, click on Classification to read about the Linnean Classification system. To explore related topics, click around in Zoom Mammals and Zoom Rainforests

AP Physics B:
"AP Physics B is a college level course that uses advanced algebra and trigonometry as the pri
mary tools for problem solving."

Songs and poems about apples

Apples & More:
From the University of Illinois Extension

Apple Exploration: Learning Centers:

Apple Unit:

Arbor Day Foundation:

Arctic Climatology and Meteorology PRIMER for Newcomers to the North:

ARKive - Images of Life on Earth:
"It is ARKive's ultimate aim to compile an audio-visual record, where possible, for the 11,000 animals and plants threatened with extinction, according to the World Conservation Union's (IUCN) Red Lists of Threatened Species." Besides the images, data included for each species are facts, status, description, range, habitat, biology, threats, and conservation. For teachers there are lesson plans, support material, curriculum links and project ideas.

Arctic Alive:
Arctic Alive is a distance-learning environment for learners. Although the actual interaction with researchers has already taken place, teachers can use the background materials on the arctic, earth systems, and climate with students. Lessons, or investigations, often link to activities on other sites.

Artificial Anatomy: Paper Mache Anatomical Models:
"This web site highlights the National Museum of American History's varied collection of papier-mache anatomical models...The exhibit showcases two major themes. It explores the history and the use of paper -mache anatomical models, and, then focuses on their construction, conservation , an d preservation.

Build an artquarium--perfect for integrating a unit on ocean or sea life as well.

ASEE EngineeringK12 Center:
The ASEE EngineeringK12 Center seeks to identify and gather in one place the most effective engineering education resources available to the K-12 community.

Provided as a public service by ASPCA, this Web site is designed to serve as a source of information about pets and other animals for young people. The site is divided into several main areas, including pet care, animal encyclopedia, book recommendations, career info, current issues, humane education, and "Ask Azula" -- where young people can write in with their questions about animals.

Astronomical Calendar:

Astronomy Activities:
Challenge your students to go home and really take notice of the night sky. Find supportive activities to guide them through at this site.

Astronomy for Kids:
Beginner's Corner has tips on learning the rhythm of the sky, and Sky Maps has timely advice on what to look for in the sky this month. But don't miss the seven planet word searches in Puzzles, and for oodles of good stuff for school reports, visit Planets

Astronomy Picture of the Day:
hows a new picture and information about something in the universe each day

Astronomy, Space Exploration, Space Travel, Science, Physics, Mathematics:
"Brining You The Latest Informaton On Planetary And Deep Space Exploration, Amateur Astronomy

Astro-Venture is an educational, interactive, multimedia Web environment where students in grades 5-8 role-play NASA occupations, as they search for and build a planet with the necessary characteristics for human habitation.

The Atoms Family:
"This resource contains educational activities relating to differnt forms of energy, and are being presented by famous gothic horror characters." From the Miami Science Museum.

Audubon Center of the North Woods:

Australian Animals - Mammals:
Created by an Australian teacher-librarian, this page contains links to sites with facts and information about 15 different Australian mammals, organised according to complexity.
There is a similar page for birds at:

Australian Government Bureau of Meterology: Students and Teachers:

Auto Loan Calculator:
Newton's Laws of Motion for Automobiles and More! (Thanks Jefferson District Library science group!)

Bat KWL Chart:

Bat Poet Page:

Bat Word Search:

The Bear Went Over The Mountain:

BEC (Bose-Einstein Condensation) Homepage:
"Bose-Einstein Condensation in gas: a new form of matter at the coldest temperatures in the universe."

Become a Weather Wizard:

BioEd Online:
Biology teacher resources from Baylor College of Medicine

Biological Baseball:

Biological Psychology:
"It's not just biology for kids, its for everyone. We have information on cell structure, cell function, scientific studeis, plants, vertebrates, invertebrates, and other life science topics."

The Biology Place:
"The Biology Place, Classic Edition," from educational publisher Pearson Prentice Hall, is a new web portal that gives high school and college students free access to an abundance of timeless biology resources and tutorials that work with any textbook program. The site contains three interactive sections. BioCoach includes activities to help students visualize and apply their understanding of biological concepts. During these practice activities, students manipulate graphs, complete biological puzzles, and answer questions. LabBench provides students with pre- and post-lab reviews. Animations and interactive questions connect laboratory procedures to biological principles. Designed for advanced students, these activities correspond to the Advanced Placement Lab Manual and include sections on key concepts, experiment design, analysis of results, and a lab quiz, according to the site. There's also a Glossary of easily accessible definitions and relevant terms for students to consult during class and from home.

The Biology Project Site Map:
The Biology Project is a biology Web site presented by the University of Arizona that is in both English and Spanish. Main headings include: Biochemistry, Cell Biology, Chemicals and Human Health, Developmental Biology, Human Biology, Immunology, Mendelian Genetics, and Molecular Biology.

Developed at the Wheeling Jesuit University/NASA Classroom of the Future in West Virginia, Earth Floor: Biomes is a small part of the larger Exploring the Environment site. Earth Floor divides the world into six biomes, each briefly explained in a single page.

Biomes of the World:
Six terrestrial biomes (rainforests, desert, tundra, grasslands, taiga, and temperate) are covered in depth in these attractive pages from the Missouri Botanical Gardens. Each biome topic includes pages on plants and animals, a photo gallery and a links section. Freshwater and marine ecosystems have their own sections (look for the text links at the top of each page.) Straight-forward text and beautiful photos make this great site for elementary and middle-school report writers.

Biomes - Habitats:
Enchanted Learning offers printable, color-me animals that are linked from each biome page.

Bird Binoculars:
Learn how to spot and graph the birds you find at your school or in your neighborhood. With this simple craft from KinderArt, students can take their binoculars home for more practice. - Learning Science through the study of birds:
This site is about the study of birds, specifically, the 600+ species that can be found in the lower 48 states. Being a study of birds, it includes a great many different disciplines such as zoology, ecology, and conservation.

"Whether you are a teacher, a homeschool parent, or an informal educator ---BirdSleuth provides educational resources that will bring citizen science, inquiry, and outdoor experiences ot youth!"

Birmingham (AL) Zoo:

BlackDog's Post Cards - Those Amazing Animals:

Books related to science
Walk Two Moons--life science
Ms. Frisby and the Rats of Nimh--earth and space science
Island of the Blue Dolphins-life science
Spider Boy- nature of Science
Danger Along the Ohio -- life science
Stranded--life science and the nature of science
The Chocolate Touch--physical science
Water Sky-- nature of science

Born Free: Keep Wildlife in the Wild:

The Brain From Top to Bottom:

Bronx Zoo:

Bubble Forumulae:
Try experimenting and recording which formula you think works best, through a series of bubble tests. Graph the results.

Bubble Geometry:

"What is so fascinating about bubbles? The precise spherical shape, the incredibly fragile nature of the microscopically thin soap film, the beautiful colors that swirl and shimmer, or most likely, a combination of all these phenomena?" For the an exploration of the science of bubbles, this San Francisco Exploratorium site is the bee's knees. And exactly what do beehives have in common with bubble foam? Go to "Bubble Meets Bubble" to find out.

Bubble Solutions:
No need to buy bubble solutions. The formula is very easy and inexpensive to make.

He's traveled the world, entertaining audiences with his bubbles, and now Professor Bubbles shares his secrets. He shares his homemade bubble tools and his simple bubble solution recipes. The Questions section is a good place to start for bubble how-tos, history and science, but you'll need to scroll down the page to see the FAQs. For indoor fun, try the three online bubble games.

Bubble Tools:
Click on each illustration to find detailed instructions for each example of bubble tools.

Bubble Town:
When the anonymous author of Bubble Town was a little boy, he discovered a paper bubble-blowing funnel in a cereal box that made much larger bubbles than the familiar plastic blowing rings. Learn how to make your own amazing bubble tube from two sheets of paper (see High Tech Bubble Tube) and learn why this simple device creates bubbles that are both bigger and longer lasting than other bubble wands (see Bubble Engineering).

The Bug Club: The club for children interested in insects and creepy crawlies:

"The Bugscope project provides free interactive access to a scanning electron microscope (SEM) so that students anywhere in the world can explore the microscopic world of insects."

Build Your Own Wright Models:

Building Big:
PBS offers a give-part miniseries on mega-structures -- bridges, domes, skyscrapers, dams and tunnels. Building Big explores the history behind some of the world's greatest feats of engineering. Resources include hands-on experiments, an educators' guide and lesson ideas.

Bulletin Board Aquarium:  Cover a board with blue paper, then cover it once again with blue-tinted plastic wrap.  Frame the board with a 4" border of aluminum foil.  Students search in magazines for pictures of fish.  Then each student uses permanent markers to draw his fish on an old plastic overlay.  After cutting it out, the student staples his fish to the board.  Add new fish to the "aquarium" regularly.  It is a great resource for writing and an eye-catching addition to the room.

Butterflies & Bugs:

Calendars through the Ages:

California State Science Fair:
"The California State Science Fair is the final science fair of the academic year for students throughout California in grades 6-12."

Camnet: Realtime Air Pollution & Visibility Monitoring (Northeast U.S.):

Can Cruncher:
"The purpose of the activity is to show what happens to the pressure inside a container of steam when it is cooled and how the pressure affects the boiling point of a liquid."

The Carl Sagan Portal:
"Our mission is to awaken the broadest possible public to the wonders of nature as revealed by science."

Castle Builder:
Webquest with teacher notes

The Catalyst: Chemistry Resources for The Secondary Teacher On The WWW:

Caves in the United States:

Caving MEGA Links Page:

Cells Alive:
Explore the world at cellular level with the animations, videos, activities, and resources available at this site. Fascinating fare for anyone interested in microbiology, bacterial growth, immunology.

The Center for Insect Science Education Outreach (CISEO):
"Our objectives are to develop new integrated education materials that foster the use of live insects as teaching models and to offer teacher training in background information about arthropods and how to use them in the classroom."

Chapter 5 The Solar System:

Charles Lindbergh:
This fan site was created by Pat Ranfranz, a web developer and pilot. It is well-organized, nicely illustrated, and sprinkled with hyperlinks to related onsite and offsite resources. There are links to Charles and Anne Lindbergh bios, the timeline, the lesson plans in PDF format, and a May 21, 1927 radio broadcast reporting Lindbergh's arrival in Paris (on the Audio Clips page.)

Charles Lindbergh:
Based on the PBS television series of the same name, Chasing the Sun showcases the innovators of commercial aviation. The Lindbergh page summarizes his historic transatlantic flight, subsequent rise to fame, and role in the creation of TWA and PamAm. The silent newsreel of Lindbergh's triumphant 1927 U.S. welcome, replete with ticker tape parade is available. Other sections are the aviation timeline and the history of planes from the Wright Flyer to the jumbo Airbus.

Charles A. Lindbergh:
This collection of articles from the archives of The New York Times is a resource for report writing or research. There is a photo gallery and the Fresh Air audio interview with Lindbergh biographer A. Scott Berg. "This was really the first moment in which a single human being left the earth. . . . Lindbergh was out there alone . . . for about fifteen hours he was flying into black night . . . in that one moment he was suddenly elevated to godlike status."

Chasing Games:

Cheetah Outreach:
"Cheetah Outreach is an eductation and community-based programme created to raise awareness of teh plight of the cheetah and to campaign for its survival."

Cheetah Spot:
Learn how cheetahs socialize with other animals, what they eat, their evolution (starting 5.5 million years ago), and the amazing bird-like chirp they make. Cheetahs, by the way, do not roar; only lions, tigers jaguars and leopards roar. Cheetah Spot is a great resource for writing reports because it has an extensive bibliography.



Chemical Heritage Foundation:
The History of Chemistry

Chesapeake and Coastal Bay Life:
site is produced as a joint effort by several people associated with the Maryland Department of Natural Resources. It includes broad topical headings such as: Restoration & Protection, Bay Grasses, Harmful Algae, Bay Monitoring, Bay Life Guide, and Bay Education. Dropdown menus for each topic may lead to programs, scientific descriptions, drawings, photos, and more. Within the articles, hyperlinks exist to a glossary of scientific terms.

Chesapeake Bay Programt:
One of the first estuaries to be included in the federal Watershed Restoration Partnership, the Chesapeake Bay has a Web site that provides some of the best information for teachers, students and scientists to use in their study of the estuarine ecology.

Classroom Earth:
This Web site by the National Environmental Education Foundation, in partnership with The Weather Channel, is a one-stop resource and networking tool created by and for high school teachers to ensure teachers nationwide have the necessary tools to enhance environmental education.

Clay Zoo Babies:

Cleveland Metroparks Zoo:

Cloud Watching:
Perfect for summer learning, this activity has students going outdoors to sketch the clouds they see, and then comparing them to teacher's notes back inside the classroom to help them identify their own clouds

CNN Weather:

Coasts and marine:
from the Australian Government: Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory:

Colorful Experiment
You will need an adult partner to help you with this experiment.  Before you begin, read the manufacturer's instructions and precautions on the package of food coloring.  You will need coffee filters, food coloring (red, blue, green, and yellow), cotton swabs, pencil, tape, small plastic cup (3 ounces), clear plastic cup (8 ounces), and scissors.  Cut a strip from a coffee filter that is about 10 centimeters (cm) long and about 2 cm wide.  Place one drop of two different food colors together in a small cup so that they mix.  Even though the colors are mixed, a little chemistry can make them come apart again.  Use your cotton swab to soak up the food color from the cup.  Touch your coffee filter strip with the cotton swab and make a dot of color about 2 cm from the bottom of the strip.  Place a little water in the bottom of your clear plastic cup.  Wrap the top of the strip around a pencil and tape it down. Place the pencil on the cup, but be sure that only the very bottom of the paper strip touches the water.  Watch the color dot as the water moves up the strip.   What do you notice?  How many colors do you see?  If you see more than two colors, what do you think could cause that?  If you mix three or four colors, do you think you could see them all as they moved up the strip?  Try it and see!   Rinse the contents of the cups down the drain and throw the cups into the trash.   Wash your hands when you are finished. 
from The Mini Page by Betty Debnam, Times Herald-Record, Saturday, October 31, 1998

Coloring Book:

Coloring Book Fun:

Coral Reef Alliance Photobank:
Click on any of the thumbnails in the geographically-organized gallery to view the annotation.

Color Coded DNA:

Connecticut Science & Engineering Fair:

Conservation Lesson Plans:

Cool Science from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI):

Cow Power: Waste not, Watt Not:
Hold that burp, but hand over the manure... Believe it or not--and your students will love this factoid--cattle burps contribute to a significant amount of global warming. On the up side, cow manure is wonderfully recyclable as green electricity. Students will learn about cow energy, and the differences between global warming and ozone layer depletion in this fascinating Currents installation. Classroom exercises follow, with activities in both physical and Earth sciences.

Cup o'Fish:
These jello-based aquariums are sure to be a big hit with your elementary classes.

Cut to the Heart:
A NOVA site that tells about the heart.

"A Journey to the Beginning of the Solar System" by NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institue of Technology

Deep Time: The Geological Timescale:
" overview of Earth history. In exploring geological time, we explore the history and evolution of life in all its incredible diversity, the drift of continents, the rising and erosion of mountains, and long term climatic cycles of greenhouses and ice ages."

Delphion's Gallery Of Obscure Patents:
If gadgets of all kinds fascinate you, check out this Web site presented by Delphion. You won't believe some of the items receiving patents, such as the Flushable Vehicle Spittoon. Clicking on the individual item takes you to the patent page, which thoroughly details the item. The patent page also details the other patents referenced by the one you are viewing. From a disc-shaped submersible aircraft to a self-containing enclosure for protection from killer bees, you can bet that someone has thought it up and received a patent for it.

Demonstrations about space
Meteors can be simulated by putting flour in the bottom of a box or cake pan (9x13) and dropping marbles into the flour to make craters.
Comets can be simulated through putting dry ice in a bowl, add dirt, rocks and a little bit of water so the rocks and dirt can make the "dirty snowball". Using gloves take out of the bowl. Raise it up in the air and walk with it, if you walk fast enough it will cause a tail to be visible.

Dennis Kunkel Microscopy:
"Science Stock Photography library of light microscope pictures and electron microsopy images featuring science and biomedical microscopy photos"

"Explore the deserts of th world!"

Acids and bases are explored with these hands-on activities, modeling the human stomach and using antacids to see how they operate within an acid model.

Digging into Science:
Students excavate a site to find bones and then reconstruct the bones to form an ancient creature. All worksheets and directions are supplied.

Digital Desert Library:
" educational resourcd for teachers and students to learn more about the Chihuahuan Desert." by New
Mexico State University

Dinosaur Coloring Book:
What could be more fun for preschoolers than learning about the fascinating world of dinosaurs? For one, assembling and coloring their very own dinosaur book to take home. Find cover pages and contents for all the magnificent prehistoric giants at this site.

Dinosaur Diorama:
Crayons, markers, a shoebox, and print-and-paste characters will make your dinosaur learning come alive with this hands-on learning project. Download and print the dinosaurs; students will color and paste them into the shoebox dioramas. Add real leaves or flowers for special effects.

Dinosaur Extinction:
Although dinosaurs have long been extinct, they truly remain alive today in movies and museum exhibits. And modern science is still trying to figure out exactly how dinosaurs died off nearly 65 million years ago. At this Enchanted Learning site, your young dinosaur enthusiasts can find reasons for why extinction occurs, what scientists today think about how dinosaurs became extinct, and why this mystery remains unsolved.

The Dinosauria:

Discovery Dinosaur Central:

Dive and Discover:
This exploration of the sea floor introduces students to oceanographic tools, the background of the formation of elements on the sea floor, and the history of the earth. The site follows a daily expedition, giving a blow-by-blow account of the trip, and explaining technical terms like "sonar" along the way. Good supplementary links on plate tectonics, vent biology, and other related disciplines help give students a broad understanding of the sea floor.

DNA from the Beginning:

Down On the Farm Coloring Book:

DragonflyTV, the PBS series that shows real kids doing real science, is exploring the world of nanoscale science and technology this season. A nonometer, or one-billionth of a meter, is a size so small that materials take on new properties, making possible new applications in medicine energy efficiency and more. The show also offers a number of resources and activities for teachers and parents.

Drinking Water & Ground WaterKids Stuff:
The EPA offers a combination of online lessons, games, and three printable curriculum guides for grades K through 12.

Dryden Flight Research Center:
The Dryden Flight Research Center is located in Edwards, California. It is NASA's primary site for studying flight and for testing all manner of experimental aircraft. The Center has been active for the past 50 years in studying designs and materials that have since been developed for civilian and military use.
The Center's website offers a collection of photos featuring all kinds of aircraft. The collection page lists all the various aircraft for which the site has photos, with links to those pictures, and includes the flight dates for each craft.

The Dynamic Earth:

Earth at Night:

Earth Observatory Laboratory: Experiments:

Earth Science Classroom Activities:
"...handouts, demonstrations, and suggestions for classroom activities, which foster an intereset in the earth sciences."

Earth Science Lessons:
Includes an explanation of the night sky for the day the site is accessed.

Edison After Forty:
"In 1887, at the age of 40 - with a new wife, a new home, a new winter retreat - Thomas Alva Edison set up shop in a new and grandiose laboratory. There he hoped to recapture and ultimately surpass the inventiveness he had enjoyed in the much smaller laboratory he had used a few years earlier. Edison's goal proved elusive." Edison After Forty, produced by the Smithsonian, is a unique look at the demands that success placed upon the prolific inventor.

Edison Sound Recordings:

An EEEP is an Exciting Example of an Everyday Phenomenon. It is a science demonstration. It is an active learning tool designed to gain the attention and pique the curiosity of our students. This website describes a number of EEEPs related to Life Science, Earth Sciences and Physical Science.

Einstein's Big Idea:

Einstein's Right: More Proof Found!:
From the Why Files: The Science Behind the News

The Environmental Protection Agency Search Your Environment by ZIP Code:
Just type in your ZIP code and you can find out what it in your air and water. -- Envirofacts, EnviroMapper, Watershed or UV Index. You'll get back a profile. The EnviroMapper lets you zoom in on toxic air, hazardous waste and other byproducts of big-city living. You can also customize the map by choosing elements like streams and schools.

Earthquakes in History, Where Earthquakes Occur, How Earthquakes Happen, Measuring Earthquakes, Volcanoes and Earthquakes

Earthquakes for Kids & Grownups:
U.S. Geological Survery neatly divides their site into separate sections for kids, grownups and teachers. Kids should visit for the puzzles and games, science fair ideas, and the online activity links. Grownup goodies include virtual earthquake fly-bys and will be of interest to middle and high school students. A grade-sorted link directory spans from kindergarten through college-level.

The Elements of Machines:
From Inventor's Toolbox in the Museum of Science
This all-encompassing nature site offers beautiful photos of everything from amphibians to mammals to wildflowers. Students can discover the flora and fauna in their areas with help from the habitat guides. The site concentrates especially on bird-watching, presenting an exhaustive look at various birds (including several kinds of falcons) and some birding basics for the novice. Students can also ask an expert about a bird they've spotted to find out what it is.

Enchanted Learning:
"Curriculum Material Online - Over 30,000 Web Pages"

Energy Quest:

Environmental Inquiry: Authentic Scientific Research for High School Students:
The mission of Environmental Inquiry (EI) is to support teaching and learning about the environmental sciences through teacher education, curriculum research and development, and scientific inquiry by students and teachers in grades 7-16. This site offers resources to aid development of meaningful research projects in the areas of toxicology, watersheds, ecology and biodegradation.
Grade Level: Middle School, High School, Adult/Professional
Content Area: Science (Life Science/Environmental Studies), English (Writing), Mathematics (Measurement)

EPA: United States Environmental Protection Agency:

Estuaries and Coastal Watersheds:

"The Exploratorium is a twenty-first-century learning laboratory, an eye-opening, always-changing, playful place to explore and tinker. For more than forty years, we’ve built creative, thought-provoking exhibits, tools, programs, and experiences that ignite curiosity, encourage exploration, and lead to profound learning. Dive in and discover what we’re all about."

"EuroTurtle- a Mediterranean Sea Turtle Biology & Conservation web site for Science and Education..."

eSkeletons Project: offers access to the osteology database of the University of Texas at Austin. Biology teachers and students can view virtual human, gorilla, and baboon skeletons by selecting specific bones that may be viewed from all angles in high-resolution 3-D images. Check out the comparative study of the bones of these species, too

The Exploratiorium:
This site is an online arm of the world-famous Exploratorium museum in San Francisco. It also helps people nurture their curiosity through innovative environments, programs and tools. The Exploratorium offers interactive activities on the Web in science, math and human percepion, including opportunities to follow expeditions online, visit the Hubble telescope, look through live cameras, participate in Webcasts, build projects and explore the science behind topics such as baseball and cycling. the site also includes a subject index.

Exploratorium Science Snacks:
"These pages are full of Snacks...but they're not the kind you eat. They're the kind you can learn from and have fun with. Exploratorium Science Snacks are miniature versions of some of the most popular exhibits at the Exploratorium."

This interactive, Flash-based website lets you explore the Mars Base Habitat and Rover and learn about the science and technology behind them. Sections include: base layout, lab, airlock, medical,
bunks, personal hygience, greenhouse, design drawings, and more.

Exploring Planets in the Classroom:
More than 25 hands-on science activities in classroom-ready pages for both teachers and students.

Exploring Weather & Climate Change Through the Powers of 10:
This earth science site provides ways for students to examine climate change and variability over time.

Extreme Science:
"Here you'll find world records in natural science, including earth science and the plant and animal kingdom, as well as extreme weather records, and much more wild, weird, and out-there stuff."

exZOOberance - Celebrating the Animal Kingdom:
A virtual zoo, with lots of pictures, this also includes a directory of zoos and aquariums, Animal News, and a directory of animal webcams.

Eye on the Sky, Feet on the Ground - Hands on Astronomy Activities for Kids:

Farm Animal Coloring Pages:

Farm Animal Graphics Index:

Farmers, Farmers Everywhere:

Faultline-Seismic Science at the Epicenter:
Here's everything students need to know about earthquakes, presented through video, graphics, photos, interactive classroom projects, webcasts and more. The information is divided into five primary sections: Live Eye on the Earth, Great Shakes, Quake Basics, Damage Control, and Active Zone. Education World, which gave this site an A+ rating, says students may want to begin with Quake Basics where they can learn about plate tectonics, faults, waves and how the earth's movements are measured. Great Shakes includes information about earthquakes in and around San Francisco, including video from the World Series game when the 1989 earthquake started. You'll also find links to other sites that track daily movements of the earth.

Fermilab Teacher Resource Center:
This site offers materials for learning about particle physics & the pursuit of questions such as "What is the smallest piece of matter? How did the universe begin?" It includes streamed lectures by distinguished scientists & teachers, a newspaper for middle school students, classroom units & projects, physics data, games, & more. (Fermilab is a high-energy physics laboratory, home of the world's most powerful particle accelerator, the Tevatron.)

FEMA for Kids:
For K-3 primarily, Herman (a "spokescrab") teaches children how to prepare for disasters and prevent disaster damage. Includes an interactive map that reveals current disasters, games an quizzes, a searchable resource library, recommended books, and more. Some resources are for middle school and older students.

Fibonacci Numbers and The Golden Section in Art, Architecture and Music:

Field Trip Earth:
"Field Trip Earth is the global resource for teachers, students, and proponents of wildlife conservation."

This NOVA program looks at wildfires and how they work. There is a fire-growth computer model, used to simulate conditions such as wind speed and direction. A virtual laboratory lets you explore the basics of combustion, including how a fire ignites, what a flame is made of, and how burning molecules rearrange themselves. A teacher's guide is available.

FishFAQ: A bouillabaisse of fascinating facts about fish (and other marine life):

The Fish Out Of Time:
A website about "...the astounding coelacanth ("see-la-kanth"), the fusion of life and time, that following a supposed extinction of 65 million years, head-lined into human consciousness with its discovery alive in 1938.

Fish Paper Plate Craft:
Very cute craft for preschool through early elementary, with easy to use, common materials. Hang student versions of this ocean craft along your classroom walls or bulletin board for a summer ocean unit.

Flights of Inspirations:

Flinn Scientific, Inc:
Flinn Scientific offers science teahers a free kit that contains demonstration ideas, safety contracts, safety posters, coupons and a film Finn Chemical & Biological Catalog Reference Manual. Other freebies are also available at the site.

The Florida Aquarium:

For Kids Only: NASA Earth Science:
Explore how water, land, air, natural hazards and people interact with the earth.

Forces of Nature:
This site is a companion to a National Geographic film about four of the most destructive natural forces: hurricanes, earthquakes, volcanoes, and tornadoes. A description of the science behind the natural disasters is provided along with an interactive activity for each. Also includes introductory facts, a list of famous forces, a glossary, current earth science news and lesson plans.

Forest Academy: Become a Forest Expert:

Forestry Images:

Fossil Horse Cybermuseum:
A gallery of Fossil Horses
by the Florida Museum of Natural History

A fossil is a window into the history of our world, providing clues about plants and animals that lived thousands or millions of years ago. And because fossils are fairly easy to find, many kids and grownups enjoy the sleuthing that amateur paleontology (the study of ancient life) offers.

Fossils, Rocks and Time:
Reproduced from a free print publication of the U.S. Geological Survey, this online booklet is a marvelous introduction (in non-technical language) to how geologists study fossils to learn about the earth's history. "People who study Earth's history also use a type of calendar, called the geologic time scale. It looks very different from the familiar calendar. In some ways, it is more like a book, and the rocks are its pages. Some of the pages are torn or missing, and the pages are not numbered, but geology gives us the tools to help us read this book."

Frank Potter's Science Gems:
"Great links to Great Science Resources
For students, parents, teachhers, scientists, engineers and mathematicians."

Free Medical Journals:
Links to over 1300 free medical journals, by discipline, title, language, and the period of time after which the material becomes free, with information on each journal's impact factor as measured by citations.


Visit this site from The Exploratorium Museum of San Francisco to enjoy the well-written articles, illustrated with photos and video clips.

Fun at the Farm:

Fun Science Gallery:
"Here you will find instructions showing you how to build scientific equipment from relatively cheap materials. Projects include instructions for making telescopes, microscopes, batteries, sidereal indicators, and several other instruments. Moreover, you will find programs on the lexical analysis of texts and determination of the readability of texts, etc."

FunBased Learning:
"Play chemistry and algebra games"


Fuzzy Heads and Egg Heads:
Younger students will enjoy watching their old socks sprout grass hair, with this recycled learning activity from Creative Kids.

Gadget Anatomy:

Gakken's Photo Encyclopedia "ANTS":

Garbage: How Can My Co9mmunity Reduce Waste?:

Gardener's Idea Book:
Proven Winners, a plant and gardening company, is offering a 36-page Gardener's Idea Book. the site also offers a monthly gardening tips newsletter filled with information timed for each season in the garden.

The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth:

GCSE Chemistry and Physics:

The Genetics Home Reference:
"Your Guide to Understanding Genetic Conditions"

Global Climate Change research_explorer:
At this website, you can explore scientific data relating to the atmosphere, the oceans, the areas covered by ice and snow, and the living organisms in all these domains. Study the atmosphere,
hydrosphere, cryosphere, biosphere and global effects and access current research of our changing world. There are great links included for student researchers.

Glop Gloop:
"Reader Linda Patton shares these recipes for physics-defying goop your students can make, play with and learn from."

Google Earth:

Gorilla Scramble:

"GORP is teh Great Outdoor Recreation Pages: Your Complete Online Resource to the Outside World"

The Great Plant Escape:
An interactive game for upper elementary age students by the Universityof Illinois Extension with teacher's guide

Greatest Engineering Achievements of the 20th Century:

Grizzly Bear:
This Grizzly Bear fact site from Defenders of Wildlife is a great place for homework help. It answers all the questions (size, habitat, range, population, food, and so on) usually required for an animal report.

Grizzly Bear Slider:

Guide to North American Bird Songs and Sounds:
This site allows you to search by how the bird song sounds -- single note, double note, or complex song -- and then listen to the audio files.

Happy Birthday, Mr. Appleseed!:
A list of Health related Web sites for kids

Heat, Rain, Snow & Sleet: Weather Lessons for Kids:

Heavens Above:
You put in where you are on the earth and this site will tell you when you'll be able to see a visible pass of satellites.

Herds Of Information About Zebras:

Hilton Pond Center for Piedmont Natural History:
York, South Carolina

How Earthquakes Work:
"We only hear about earthquakes in the news every once in a while, but they are actually an everyday occurrence on our planet. According to the United States Geological Survey, more than three million earthquakes occur every year. That's about 8,000 a day, or one every 11 seconds!" How Stuff Works explains the science of earthquakes in their ten-page site for middle and high school students. Look in the Lots More Information page for links to additional How Stuff Works articles on seismographs and building quake-proof structures.

How Stuff Works: Is there a difference between monkeys and apes?:
Is there a difference between monkeys and apes? Yes, and this one page articles explains how monkeys and apes are related, and how they differ. It's a good introduction to the scientific classification of orders, suborders, and species. "The 235 modern primate species are divided up into two suborders -- the prosimians and the anthropoids."

How Things Work:

How the Weatherworks:

How to Make a Fossil?:
A recipe for clay dough is included with this imprint activity from Creative Kids. Try several objects to see which ones make the most authentic-looking "fossils".

How Volcanoes Work:
San Diego State University’s geology department has created an on-line resource that combines print information, movies, and interactive quizzes to disseminate scientific information about volcanism. NASA sponsors the site under the auspices of Project ALERT (Augmented Learning Environment and Renewable Teaching), and it’s intended for the education of pre-service teachers, in-service teachers, and students of geology and volcanology. This site is recommended for students just starting to study volcanoes, as well as advanced students, and it covers a broad range of topics, ranging form eruption dynamics, volcano landforms, eruption products, types, historical eruptions, and planetary volcanism. The site contains photos and descriptions of the many different volcanic landforms, such as calderas, lava domes, stratovolcanoes, and formations such as Japan’s Mount Fuji – a shield volcano. The site also provides text and images depicting lava flow types and features, volcanic gases, and climate effects. There are descriptions of historical eruptions, such as the 1980 Mt. St. Helen’s eruption in Washington state, and a segment titled “Volcanism on other Worlds,” which discusses ancient lunar volcanoes and volcanic activity on planets like Venus and Mars.

Hudson River Museum:

Hurricane Hunters:
"The 53rd Weather Reconnaissance Squadron, known as the Hurricane Hunters of the Air Force Reserve, is one-of-a-kind: The only Department of Defense organization still flying in to tropical storms and hurricanes--since 1944."

Hurricane Preparedness:
This site features a brief history of major hurricanes back to 1900, information about how hurricanes are categorized using the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale (from Category 1 to Category 5), the forecasting of hurricanes, disaster plan tips, and information about marine safety, storm surges, high wind, tornadoes, and inland floods.

Hurricane Storm Center:
For grades 3-6, this interactive site allows children to practice their hurricane tracking skills using longitude and latitude. Students more from tracking dangerous hurricanes such as Andrew, Camille, and Hugo. They learn about what goes on inside a hurricane, hurricane survivors, weather instruments, and killer hurricanes

Hurricane Storm Science:
from the Miami Museum of Science

The Illinois State Physics Project:

Imagine Mars:

The Imploder: Blow your own dome:
"Welcome to the explosive demolition industry's worldwide source for news and information on building implosions, blowdowns and all other types of structural blasting projects."

Ingenious: seeing things differently:
"This site brings together images and viewpoints to create insights into SCIENCE and CULTURE." Click on Read, Debate, See, Create: then choose a topic and you're presented with images and text that challenge you to think about some fascinating questions.

"...InnerBody is your go-to resource for accurate and easy-to-use information about human anatomy, exploring all systems of the human body."

Inquiring Minds:
Fermilab is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy. It features an introduction to elementary particles & forces in our universe, physics questions answered by Fermilab scientists, an interactive timeline illustrating the history of high-energy physics, links to other high energy physics sites, & more. It is maintained by Fermilab, the high-energy physics lab devoted to studying the universe.

In Search of Giant Squid:
"This online exhibit explores and interprets the mystery, beauty and complexity of giant squids - the world's largest invertebrates and is based upon material presented in the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History's exhibit."
"This site aims to help you really see insects for the miniature marvels they represent and to understand how intertwined our cultures have become with these alien creatures." The world of insects and those who like them:

Interactive Plant Biology: A Kid's Guide to the Life Cycle of a Flower:

Interactive Plasma Physics Education Experience:
This site offers web modules that help students distinguish atoms, ions, elements, & molecules; understand basic concepts involved with electricity & magnetism; & see how energy flows through different states.

International Dark-Sky Association:

International Rhino Foundation:
"We are dedicated to the survival of the world's rhino species through conservation and research

International Wolf Center: Teaching the World About Wolves:

The Intertidal Zone:
The colorful Enchanted Learning site for elementary ages features an illustration of the four intertidal zones: from the spray zone (which is usually dry) to the low tide zone (which is almost always wet.) There are twenty printable, color-able animal printouts arranged in alphabetic order from anemone to zooplankton. There are related sections on Tides (follow the hyperlink in the opening text), Walruses, and Biomes.

Inter-State Matters: Exploring Phase Transitions of Gases, Liquids and Solids
In this lesson, students explore the six phase transitions between gases, liquids and solids for a variety of elements. Each group of students will focus on a different element, investigating its physical properties during each of the six phase transition.

Explore a a piece of history by visiting the Intrepid Sea, Air and space Museum, a decommissioned World War II-era aircraft carrier moored in the Hudson river, along West 46th Street in Manhattan. The Sapce Shuttle Pavilion is now open.

An Introduction to the Senses:

Invention at Play:
"When asked what inspired them to become inventors, many adults tell stories about playing as children. In our virtual playhouse, you can set your own inventive thinking in motion." So the Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation offers children a chance to play
around with visual thinking, puzzles, wordplay, and make believe.

Inventing Entertainment: The Motion Pictures and Sound Recordings of the Edison Companies:

Invention Dimension:
Invention Dimension, from the Lemelson-MIT Program, has sections that include: Inventor of the
Week; Inventor Archives (where you can search for information on a specific inventor or invention); Inventor's Handbook (created for independent inventors and entrepreneurs); Games and Trivia; plus
Links and Resources.

Inventor of the Week:

I Was Wondering...:
"The Web site is a project of the National Academy of Sciences intended to showcase the accomplishments of contemporary women in science and to highlight for young people the varied and intriguing careers of some of today's most prominent scientests."

International Wolf Center:

Iowa State University Department of Entomology:

Jack Horkheimer: Star Gazer:
"'Star Gazer" is the world's only weekly television series on naked eye astronomy."

JetStream - Online School for Weather:

Joseph Palmer's Paper Airplane:
Joseph Palmer's planes are "designed to fly," not look like real airplanes. As a paper airplane purist, none of his designs require cutting, taping or weights: just a single sheet of 8.5" by 11' paper and your fingers. There are only four designs here, but the illustrated instructions are excellent, and judging by visitor feedback, all of them are great flyers.

Journey North: A Global Study of Wildlife Migration and Seasonal Change:

Juice Moose Arcade:

Just Turn It Off:

Keeping Nine Eyes on the Weather:

Kids Farm:
"Kids Farm is aboaut animals and people that live and work on a ranch in Colorado. It is a place for young children to learn about farm and wild animals, animal sounds, what grwos, farm equipment and a wildlife rehab center. We also have spelling, puzzles, horses, cows, chickens, sheep, goats, elk, kids rodeo, and guest pets. It is also a tool for teachers who teach farm units."

Kids Games:

Kids Saving Energy:
The United States Department of Energy has developed a variety of materials to help students understand and appreciate the importance of "Energy Smart Schools." The department's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy has developed a CD containing K-12 lessons and activities about energy efficiency and renewable energy. the CD is compatible with both Windows and Macintosh operating systems and is available by calling 877.33.3463. The department also offers an energy awareness activity book, filled with games and puzzles for students.

Kinetic City:
"The most amazing collection of science experiments, games, activities, challenges and more!"
Tutorials and activities

Kiwi Web (Chemistry& New Zealand):

Label the Body Diagram:
Print out copies of the human body to let students label basic anatomy. Great for primary grades.

Leonardo's Mysterious Machinery:

Liftoff to Learning: Toys in Space 2:
You download a video tape called Toys in Space. The kids play with a certain toy and predict how it will act in space. Then they watch a segment of the video tape and watch actual shuttle astronauts play with the same toy. Then you move on to the next toy and watch the next segment.

Light and Color
Most objects appear a certain color because of the colors in the light that strike and reflect off the object.  You can see how different-colored light can change the way colors appear.  You will need:  2 sheets of white unlined paper, 4 clear plastic cups (8 to 10 ounces), food coloring (red, blue, green, and yellow), cotton swabs, pencil, metric ruler, flashlight, and an adult partner.    Fill each of our cups to about 3cm high with water.  Add 3-5 drops each of red, blue, green and yellow food coloring to separate cups.  These are your colored filters.  Carefully place a few drops of red food coloring on one end of a cotton swab.  Use the swab to make a dark red dot about 2 cm in diameter on a white piece of paper.  Use separate swabs to make the same size dots of blue, green and yellow food coloring.  On your other sheet of paper, make a chart like this:


Dot Color



  Red Blue Green Yellow

Ask your adult partner to turn on a flashlight and to turn off all the other lights in the room to make it as dark as possible.  Ask your partner to shine the flashlight straight down on the red dot.  As you look at the dot, your partner should mover the red water cup, or filter, beneath the light so that red light shines on the red dot.  Does the color of the dot look different?   Write down the color you see in the blank on the chart where the red dot color and the red filter color intersect.  Next, your partner should shine the light directly on the blue dot and then move the red water cup, or filter, under the light as before.   Does the color of the dot seem to change?  Record the color you see in the chart where the blue dot color and red filter color intersect.  Next, use the flashlight and red water cup, or filter, as before on the green and yellow dots.   Repeat the activity with the remaining colored filters and each different-colored dot.  Record all of your results.  Which filters seemed to cause the greatest change in which colored dots?  Did any filter seem to make a dot very faint or even disappear?  What else did you notice?
from The Mini Page by Betty Debnam, Times Herald-Record, Saturday, October 31, 1998

Library of Congress: Teachers:
"The Library of Congress offers classroom materials and professional development to help teachers effectively use promary sources from the Library's vast digital collections in thier teaching."

Created as a companion to the PBS documentary "Lindbergh," this site offers a transcript of the film plus so much more. There are six articles found in Special Features, which include The Spirit of St. Louis (the story behind the plane that Lindbergh flew across the Atlantic), The Kidnapping (a look at the abduction of Lindbergh's son, and the trial that followed) and a piece about Lindbergh's controversial relationship with Germany's Nazis and his unpopular anti-war sentiments.

Lincoln Park Zoo:

Linus Pauling - the Nature of the Chemical Bond: A Documentary History:
"Utilizing over 800 scanned documents, photographs, audio clips and video excerpts, this website narrates the incredible achievement of Linus Pauling and others in the discovery of the nature of the chemical bond."

Listening to Animals:

Living with Drought:
"Australia is the driest inhabited continent even though some areas have annual rainfall of over 1200 millimetres. Our climate is highly variable - across the continent generally, as well as from year-to-year."

Living With Risk; The Human Element of Natural Disasters:

LOST ON THE MOON.. .. exercise developed by NASA.
You must role-play the situation as if the decisions had life or death implications.
"Your spaceship has just crash landed on the lighted side of the moon. You were scheduled to rendezvous with a mother ship 200 miles away on the lighted surface of the moon, but the rough landing has ruined your ship and destroyed all the equipment on board, except the twelve items listed below.  Your crew's survival depends on reaching the mother ship, so
you must choose the most critical items available for the 200 mile trip.  Your task is to rank the twelve (12) items of their importance for survival. Place number one by the most important item, number two by the second most important item, and so on through number
twelve, the least important.  After you have made your decisions, work within the group
structure to arrive at the group's rankings. Remember to work toward consensus by
explaining your choices as fully as possible while listening intently for the logic and feasibility in other group members positions.   When the group has decided on an order of priority, list it under "Group ranking".
Things to look for:  Did the suggestions make sense? Which group members did I listen to and why?  Were all the members active in finding solutions?
(Sunlit temp. on moon is 212oF. Can you see the stars at night, on the moon?)
Twelve items that survived the crash.
1. 50' of nylon rope
2. 5 gallons of water
3. Stellar map (of the moons constellations)
4. Self-inflating life raft
5. Box of matches
6. 2 100 lb tanks Oxygen
7. Parachute silk
8. Food concentrate
9. 2 .45-caliber pistols
10. Solar-powered portable heating unit
11. Magnetic compass
12. Solar -powered FM receiver-transmitter

Lung Capacity:
This student worksheet guides students through experiments to test lung capacity. Data analysis section is also included.

Mothers Against Drunk Driving are against underage drinking. Their extensive site includes sections for various age groups (elementary, junior/senior high school, college, and parents); and a vast collection of statistics.

MadSci Network:
"MadSci Network represents a collective cranium of scientists providing answers to your questions. For good measure we provide a variety of oddities as well."  

Magic School Bus Activity Lab:

Make a Difference Middle School Kit Order Form:
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is offering one free "Make a Difference Middle School Kit" to teachers. The kit includes four posters, a CD-ROM and other materials.

Make a Flake:
This is a virtual snowflake designer. Start by perusing the gallery of saved snowflakes, and then try your hand at making your own. The trick is to click (not drag) your scissors from point to point. You'll know your scissors are snipping when the indicator changes from red to green. When your masterpiece is complete, you can download it, print it, email it to a friend, or go back to the gallery and look for it there.

The Manduca Project:
"Using Manduca sexta, students learn observation skills by keeping detailed logs of the insects' growth and behavior. They learn the elements of graphing by plotting the growth of the insect using simple student-made balances to measure mass, and string to measure changes in length. Students use Manduca as the basis for writing, art, poetry, and music projects. Typically, individual students have their own insect to observe and care for, instilling a sense of responsibility and heightening their observation skills."

The Marriage of Sight and Sound: Early Edison Experiments with Film and Sound:

Marvelous Machines:

Massachusetts State Science & Engineering Fair:

MBGnet - Missouri Botonical Garden:
"What's It Like Where You Live? - Biomes of the World, Freshwater Ecosystems, Marine Ecosystems, Biology of Plants

MedMyst: Medical Mysteries on the Web:

In the All About Sharks section of Enchanted Learning

MESSENGER - MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry and Ranging:

MetEd: Meteorology Teacher and Training Resources for the Geoscience Community:
Created by the National Center for Atmospheric Research, this site provides "education and training resources to benefit the forecasting community, including anyone interested in learning more deeply about meteorology and weather forecasting topics." It features learning modules on coastal weather, hurricanes, hydrology, and other weather topics. The "K-12 and the Public" section contains introductory information and activities for all grade levels.

Meteorology: The Online Guides:
A collection of well designed instructional modules that use multimedia, dynamic technology to introduce fundamental concepts of the atmospheric sciences. These resources incorporate text, colorful diagrams, animation, computer simulations, audio and video and cover topics such as hurricanes, light and optics, El Nino,hydrologic cycles, air masses and fronts. "Reading Weather Maps" teaches how to read weather maps with data collected from the Earth's surface and above; the differences between Kelvin, Celsius, and Fahrenheit temperatures; and how to convert local time to the standard time used by meteorologists.

Miami Museum of Science:

Microbe Zoo:
They affect all of us, tiny microbes that live in our intestines, or those that invade our teeth and cause cavities. And what about ammonia chompers, or swamp gas producers? Microbes inhabit an amazing universe of their own, and in conjunction with the human world, we see them as good guys--making cheese and yogurt, for instance--or bad guys, such as the e-coli attacking body systems. Investigate their world with this online exhibit.

The Micropolitan Museum of Microscopic Art Forms:
Curator Wim van Egmond has collectied teh finest microscopic masterpieces nature has ever produced during eons of natural selection.

Michigan 4-H Garden Tour:
This very ambitious project by Michigan State University and Michigan 4-H Children's Garden tries to let users virtually tour their garden, learning about plants, gardening terms, and even ASL (American Sign Language). A user tip: when in a virtual reality scene, place your cursor in the middle of the window to slow or stop the motion. Teachers might just want to use the activities found at: for more structured class time.

Microbe Zoo:

Middle School Science:

Minority Physicist Profiles: See What You Can Do With Physics!:
The American Physical Society features interesting profiles of history makers -- 25 physicists from unerrepresented groups.

Molecule of the Month:
"Each month... links will take you to a page at one of the Web sites at a University Chemistry Department or commercial site in the UK, the US, or anywhere in the world, where useful (and hopefully entertaining!), information can be found about a particularly interesting molecule." Among the little-known chemistry stories here: the molecule that "causes fish breath in some people," the chemistry of garlic, the "Zulu poison that can be used to treat cancer," and lots more.


Monterey Bay Aquarium:

Mountain Maker, Earth Shaker:
"Take a hard-boiled egg and crack its shell. Does the egg remind you of anything? The Earth, perhaps? The egg could be seen as a tiny model of the Earth. The thin shell represents the Earth's crust, divided into plates; within the shell is the firm but slippery mantle." Visit this PBS Science Odyssey for the Shockwave Plate Tectonics activity illustrating what happens when Earth's plates push and pull against each other and browse the thirteen related articles, also available in printable versions with white backgrounds

MouthPower Online:
"Discover the power of a healthy smile!
What is the secret to a healthy smile? Taking good care of your teeth!
Explore Mouthie's online laboratory to learn how to brush your teeth, what tobacco can do to your mouth, and how to make healthy food choices."

Mrs. Fischer's Kinder~Themes:

My First Garden: A Guide to the World of Fun & Clever Gardening:
Also available on CD.

Mysteries of Apo Island:
A fun video-game type interactivity for middle school students
by Shedd: The World's Aquarium

Multimedia Animal Lessons
Five week lesson plan for creating multimedia animals lesson in Power Point or other presentation programs
Preplanning:  Information will be arranged into five categories or folders, representing the movement, homes, eating, body coverings, and fantastic facts.  Each folder except for the Fantastic Facts folder will contain four subfolders.  The teacher may want to pick the animals first, making sure to include at least one animal in each subfolder. 
Week 1:  Approximately 45 minutes a day learning about a variety of animals, reading nonfiction books, classifying animals based on their body coverings and using descriptive words to analyze each example.Using fiction and nonfiction books, art experiences, observations, videotapes, the internet, and encyclopedias, the students compare animals.  The students then design their own animals, describing where the animals lived, what and how they eat, how they move, and what type of body covering they have. 
Week 2:  Groups of 3-4 student each are assigned to research an animal.  The students are told they will use many different sources of information to find out about their animals and then create a project to share with each other and other students what they learn about animals.  It is also explained that the final project will be similar to five different "chapter books."  One book will be about movement, one about eating, one about homes, one about body coverings, and one about fantastic facts, describing anything interesting they discover about the anima..  Each book will have four chapters.  The movement book will have these chapters; walking, flying, swimming, and crawling.  The polar bear would have a page in the walking chapter, the snake in the crawling chapter, so on.   Each animal would have one page in each book, for a total of five pages per animal.  The student and teacher create a research form together that includes all the information they will need to know about each animal. 
Week 3:  The research groups find the information they need to record on the research form by visiting the media center, using available software, and searching the internet.  Students are directed to write only what is necessary to answer the question and to take notes rather than write in complete sentences.  After the research has been completed, the notes on the research forms are written in separate paragraphs about each aspect of an animal.   Group members divide the responsibilities, assigning one person the movement page, one the eating page, and so forth.  After a student writes the information for a particular page, they read the page to someone in the group to see if it makes sense.   The final product is then edited and checked for spelling and punctuation.   After the children write and edit their paragraphs, they discuss what type of illustrations would best accompany the text.  They create illustrations, each focusing on a different distinguishing feature of the animal as described by the students.  For example, the parrot page may simply have a picture of a feather from clipart, or pictures from books, magazines, the internet, or student drawings may be used. 
Week 4:   Students complete their work, entering text and amending their illustrations as necessary.  The folders are linked by graphical menus and buttons (hot links) so that students can freely move within and among the folders. 
Week 5:  The students look at their own pages and those of their classmates.  They then share their work with other classes and their parents.   Extension:  When the site is completed, a scavenger hunt, can then be created.   The scavenger hunt includes fill-in-the-blank and short-answer questions that can be answered by using the project. 

Museum Botanical Garden News:

Mystic Aquarium:
Mystic Aquarium in in Connecticut.

Nano Teachers:
This resource from the Center for Probing the Nanoscale at Stanford University offers a number of hands-on activities that help explain the tiny science to students as young as second-graders, right up through high school seniors.

Sections for the Public, Educators, Students, Media

NASA: Case of the Phenomenal Weather:
NASA Explains the Water Cycle:
NASA: Case of the Mysterious Red Light:

NASA Earth Observatory:

NASA's educational media archive - Langley Research Center:
"(Grades 6-8) NASA CONNECT™ is a series of Emmy®-award-winning, math-focused programs. Each program supports the national math, science, and technology standards and has three components that include (1) a 30-minute television broadcast; (2) a companion educator's guide; and (3) an online activity that further explores topics presented in the broadcast. These programs establish a connection between the math, science, and technology concepts taught in the classroom to those same concepts used everyday by NASA researchers."

NASA For Kids Only: Earth Science:

NASA GES Disc: Goddared Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center:

NASA Goddard Space Flight Center:

NASA Human Space Flight:
Includes information about the Space Suttle, the Space Station, Behind the Scenes, and Space News. Much real-time information.

NASA Imagine the Universe!:

NASA Kids:

NASA Kids' Club:

NASA Quest:
"NASA Quest is a rich resource for educators, kids and space enthusiasts who are interested in meeting and learning about NASA people and the national space program. NASA Quest allows the public to share the excitement of NASA's authentic scientific and engineering pursuits like flying in the Shuttle and the International Space Station, exploring distant planets with amazing spacecraft, and building the aircraft of the future."

NASA Science:
NASA Science: Earth:
NASA Science: Space Station Music:
NASA Science: Science News: All the World's a Stage ... for Dust:

National Digital Library, US Fish and Wildlife Service:

National Drought Mitigation Center:
Includes historical drought maps and data, a 10-step planning process, drought mitigation tools, and more.

National Geographic Kids:

National Hazard Statistics:
This site from the National Weather Service provides statistical information on fatalities, injuries, and damage caused by weather-related hazards in the United Sates. Data foes back to 1995 and is available as summaries, by sate, and by specific hazard such as lightning, tornado, tropical cyclone, heat, flood, cold, winter storms, and wind.

National Institute on Drug Abuse Teaching Packets:

National Institute of Health Office of Science Education: Women are Scientists:
Women Are Scientists is a series of free videos from the national Institutes of Health that showcase successful female scientists in their respective specialties. The videos are designed to motivate students to take more challenging advanced science and math courses and to enable them to successfully direct their career paths.

The National Invasive Species Council:

National Inventors Hall of Fame:

The National Marine Mammal Laboratory:

National Museum of Education:
The National Museum of Education is offering materials for K-12 teachers on innovation, invention, problem-solving and design. These materials are designed to meet state and national standards in science, technology, social studies, and more. You can find original downloads for classroom use and technology integration ideas including problem-solving activities, invention research and student completions. Although free, some items do carry shipping and handling charges.

National Oceanographic Data Center: The Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences Internet Guide:

National Recycling Coalition, Inc.:

National Resources Defence Council: The Earth's Best Defense:

National Weather Service:

National Wildlife Federation:

Native American Rattle Craft:
Practice refining fine motor skills with this craft, modeling a Native American rattle. Students will wind different colored yarn around collected twigs, add beads, feathers, buttons, etc. and make their own version of colorful rattles

Natural Worlds:
"Natural Worlds is a completely non-profit, educational online series which provides information on a variety of natural history topics."


Nature's Fury:
From National Geographic, this comprehensive site helps students of all ages understand the science behind volcanoes, tornadoes, hurricanes, wildfires and earthquakes. Includes video clips; interviews with survivors; classroom ideas for primary, intermediate, middle school, and high school students; the history of satellites; and resource links.

Neuroscience For Kids:
"Discover the exciting world of the brain, spinal cord, neurons and the senses. Use the experiments, activities and games to help you learn about hte nervous system."

The Center for New Crops & Plant Products at Purdue University provides profiles of new and specialty crops, a search engine to access crop information, a mapped nation-wide crop information system, a bibliography, a Guide to Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, links to related web sites, external data-bases, and libraries, and more

The New Millennium Observatory (NeMO):
"NeMo studies the dynamic interactions between submarine volcanic activity and seafloor hotsprings at an observatory, Axial seamount."

Newton's 1st Law:
Newton's Three Laws of Motion:
Newton's Law of Gravitation:

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's web site

NOAA's National Data Buoy Center:

NOAA's National Weather Service - Office of Climate, Water and Weather Services:

NOAA"s National Weather Service - Storm Prediction Center:

NOAA Photo Library:
hese are public domain photographs you can use in most any way you like as long as credit it given to NOAA, unless otherwise noted. Click the "About the Images" link for full details. There are all kinds of image categories, from coral and underwater images, to shorelines, severe storms, space, animals and more. There is also an Image of the Day.

NOVA Online: Kingdom of the Seahorse:
Amanda Vincent, a marine biologist dedicated to the conservation of the seahorse, is the focus of this NOVA Online by PBS. "No one knows exactly how many seahorses there are in the world. Because of this, and because of the high demand for the seahorse, conservationists are working hard to ensure this magical fish has a future." The four site sections are: the Vincent interview, Hot Science (for seahorse basics), Roundup (the photo gallery), and Superdads (find out which animal dads -- besides the seahorse are involved in parenting offspring.)

National Weather Service National Hurricane Center:

The Nine Planets:
The Official Web Site of the Nobel Prize

NOVA Education:

NOVA Science in the News:
"Nova, brought to you by the Australian Academy of Science and various sponsors, looks at the science behind the headlines.

NSTA - National Science Teachers Association:

Observations and Inferences
a. write the characteristics of a peanut, put all peanuts in a pile, see if you can find yours, swap lists, see if someone else can find yours.
b. make a detailed sketch of a sea shell
c. draw a unique object from many points of view (hang an object from the ceiling and give kids 5 minutes to draw, then rotate and draw from another point of view.
Inferences. (a guess based on your observations)
a. read the beginning of a story, have students infer what will happen next.
b. Mystery Boxes - put objects in covered boxes, through the sense of touch have students infer what the object is.
c. The Candle - Take an apple corer and core out the fleshy part of an apple. Place an almond sliver on top. Hold the "candle" and ask students to make observations. Then light the almond sliver (it maintains a light!) and walk around with the lit "candle" and ask students to make more observations. Then blow out the flame and take a bite! Ask them to check their observations. If it was really a candle, would it have been eaten? So, if they listed it as a candle, they were actually inferring that it was a "candle". This activity makes students aware of the difference between describing something completely and making inferences when you are not sure.
Other ideas: Never tell them it was anything but a candle! You can preface it by telling them that we take many things for granted, and there are many observations you could make about something as simple as a burning candle. Make a list of observations, and the candle usually goes out. Talk about how the smoke appears only after it goes out (just about instantly), relight it, go on..... The second
time it goes out, say to heck with it and eat it--right before the bell rings for them to leave.
enerate questions
Bring in a variety of natural items (seed pods, rocks, shells, plants, pinecones, sea stars, sand dollars, etc.). Have out magnifying lenses and dissecting microscopes. Students make a two column list in their notebooks. One side labeled " I Notice", the other side labeled "I Wonder". They each choose 3 different items and list everything they notice and everything they wonder about those items. Later ask them to share one particularly surprising observation and a question they are dying to find the answer to. Practice turning questions into ones that can be investigated (this takes a lot of practice).

Ocean Animals Label Me! Printout:

Ocean Animals Lesson Plan:
There is a whole week's worth of ocean explorations involved in this thematic unit for preschoolers. They will create paper plate aquariums, learn the Fish Hokey Pokey, make waves in a bottle, understand the length of a whale, and explore ocean animals during circle time.

Ocean Explorer:
Ocean Explorer plumbs the mysteries of the sea.
Teachers and students can dive deeper into our world's oceans with this site from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Ocean Explorer enables teachers and students to follow along with current government expeditions, learn about oceanographic exploration technologies, and become acquainted with many of the awe-inspiring life forms living beneath the waves. Visitors can explore the ocean floor, learn about creatures that make their home in the sea, and go back in time to understand how technology and oceanic exploration have changed throughout the years. There is also a virtual library of reference materials where students and teachers can further their underwater education. In the site's "Explorations" section, students and teachers can follow timelines and underwater images that will take them chronologically through many of the great ocean expeditions of past and present. The "Gallery" contains a wealth of underwater images and audio files that bring many of the sea's mysterious inhabitants to life. Also, an online calendar lists upcoming ocean-related events. At a time when 95 percent of the world's oceans remain unexplored, it is NOAA's hope that this site will encourage students to want to learn more.

OceanLink - dedicated to ocean education:

Ocean of Know:
Lessons, web quests about plants and animals, interactive simulations, animated history, systems, links to eductaional resources

Ocean World:
This site provides information about many aspects of oceanography: fisheries, coral reefs, currents, El Nino, icebergs, weather, waves, and more. Ask "Dr. Bob" (oceanography professor) a question or gather real-time data for various oceanographic topics. Explore educational materials for K-12 teachers and students.

Oceanography section of Science & Technology Focus:
Dive in to this online exploration of all areas of the ocean, including - to name just a few - habitats, ocean life, ocean regions, and research vessels. Interactive quizzes provide immediate feedback.

Oceans Alive:
Oceans Alive:

The Octave Chanute Pages:
"These pages contain a comprehensive discription of Octave Chanute's experiments along the south end of Lake Michigan between 1896 and 1898. ...There is a general overview of the gliders used in the experiments and special pages on the individual gliders which attracted the attentin of the press."

The Official U.S. Time:
This site displays the official U.S. time for all 50 states and U.S. territories, including daylight savings time information. It also has a map of the world. Lighted areas are regions with daylight and the dark areas represent night time.

"Oh, Sarah Sylvia Cynthia Stout Would Not Take the Garbage Out" by Shel Silverstein.
You can hear him read the poem at:

A worksheet for the poem can be found at:

The Old Farmer's Almanac:

Online Exhibits of the Museum of the History of Science:

The Online Tornado FAQ:

Ornithological World Literature [OWL]:
"a compilation of citations and abstracts from the worldwide scientific literature that pertain to the science of ornithology. A major attraction is its coverage of the 'grey' literature, which are not abstracted by commercial databases such as Zoological Record or the Science Citation Index."

Our Savage Planet in the News:

Overview of Sound Waves:

Paper Airplane:
"Build the best paper airplaine in the world."

Pathfinder Science Projects:
"Pathfinder Science is committed to inquiry as basic to education and as a controlling principle in the organization and selecton of studentss' activities.

Penguin Cards:

Penguin Crafts:

The Penguin Dance:

Penguin Toilet Paper Roll Craft:

Penguin - Free Coloring Page:

Penguin - Games and Outdoors: Animals:

Penguin Games:

This is a lesson with an Introduction, Task, Curriculum Standards, Overview, Lessons, Resources, Process, Evaluation, and Conclusion.

Penguins - Arts & Crafts: Animals:

Penguins - K-3 Teacher's Guide:

Penguins - Music & Songs: Animals:

Perfectly Penguins:
This is a lesson with student and teacher pages.

Periodic Table of Comic Books:
The Periodic Table of Comic Books is a working periodic table that uses comic book characters to draw students into learning about the elements. The site is the work of two chemistry professors at the University of Kentucky.

From NASA: Jet Propulsion Laboratory: California Institute of Technology

The Physics Classroom:

The Physics of Sound:

Planet Diary:
View a weekly update of articles on the environment, focusing on natural phenomena and events such as floods, fire, fauna,flora, earthquakes, drought, health, volcanoes, oil spills, radioactivity, hurricanes, tornadoes, and tropical storms. Background on each subject is provided with annotated links as well as interactive activities and lesson plans for teachers and students.

Planet For Sale!:
Students market and advertise a planet of their choice. A fun lesson! The whole lesson plan is here.

PlanetQuest: The Search For Another Earth:

Play Your Ears: The Partial and Overtone Series:

Playing With Time:
"...looks at how the world around you is changing over many different time periods."

Plymouth State Weather Center:
Images and descriptions of different types of clouds, including cirrus, cumulus, stratus, fog, and others.

Poetry Pebbles:
Try making a pebble garden - a poetry pebble garden. Find instructions here for making word pebbles and then follow up with individual and class exercises in poetry creations.

Prepare Yourself!:
From National Geographic and MarcoPolo, this lesson plan is designed to help young children understand how people can protect themselves during natural disasters.

Preschool Weather Activities:
Your preschool class will become little scientists as they complete the activities listed here. They will be measuring rain, making a wind indicator, and experimenting with balloons and and soap bubbles to learn about the properties of air.

Printable Science Lab Maker:
Lab sheet templates here help to provide students with practice on the scientific method. Generate your own customized lab worksheets with this online tool.

Project Exploration:
"Project Exploration is a nonprofit science education organization that works to ensure communities traditionally overlooked by science -- particularly minority youth and girls -- have access to personalized experiences with science and scientists.

Project Wet: Worldwide Water Education:
"The mission of Projectd WET is to reach children, parents, educators and communities of the world with water education."

Project Wild:
"Project Wild is a wildlife-focused conservatin education program for K-12 educators and their students."

The Quest for Life:
This interactive site discusses the idea of finding life in space. Read about planets that might have life, or projects to colonize Mars. The space simulator tests your ability to manage your life on your way to Mars.

Radio Meters at the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, AL:
You can listen to audio signals from NASA's forward scatter meteor radar system

Rainforest Heroes:

Rainforest Word Search and Glossary:

Really Ridiculous Rock Animals Craft:
You will need to do any of the hot gluing of googly eyes or attaching smaller to larger rocks--or you can simply forget any attachment parts at all and let students decorate any interestingly shaped rock any way they wish.

The Reconstructors:
Three great science related educational video games from RICE: Center for Technology and Learning

Recycle City:

Reef Education Network:

Resources for Science Learning:

River of Words:
Connecting Kids to their Watersheds and Imaginations through Poetry & Art

River Systems of the World:
If you are on a fact-finding mission, look at this Web site. The tabular format makes the information easy to find and the authors of the site welcome any news and new links you have to offer.

The Rock Cycle:

The Roof is Growing!:
The American Society of Landscape Architects has developed The Roof is Growing!, an educational resource for middle-level students and teachers about green roofs and their environmental benefits. This free resource includes a lesson plan, workbook and online interactive program designed to engage students in learning how green roofs cool cities, clean the air, create habitates and control stormwater.

Rotten Truth About Garbage:
This site "takes an in-depth look at the complex issues surrounding municipal solid waste. This on-line exhibition is organized into four major sections: What Is Garbage?, There's No 'Away', Nature Recycles, and Making Choices."

Saint Louis Zoo:

Sand Castle Central:
"useful information for sandcastle fans and sandcastle builders of all levels of expertise."

San Diego Zoo:

Sandlot Science:
Intriguing exhibits and real-time demonstrations include illusions, "brain candy" (games and puzzles), science projects, and more. For older kids and grownups alike.

Savage Earth:
Provides information and multimedia features on our ever changing planet, volcanoes, tsunamis, and earthquakes. Scientists and journalists collaborate to explain the science behind these natural phenomena and feature original, clearly designed animation that illustrate their action.

Save the Manatee Club:
The offers printable and downloadable activities, bookmarks, fact sheets, coloring books and more aobut the gentle mammals that are endangered largely becuase of human activity and shrinking aquatic habitat.

Searching for the Building Blocks of Matter:
This site looks at Fermilab's search for the smallest building blocks of matter. It also describes the accelerator & detectors needed for the discovery of these building blocks (quarks, leptons & bosons), spin-offs along the way, & continuing efforts to reveal the basic particles & forces of nature. (Fermilab is a high-energy physics laboratory that houses the Tevatron, the world's most powerful particle accelerator.)

Secret Worlds: The Universe Within:
"View the Milky Way at 10 million light years from the Earth. Then move through space towards the Earth in successive orders of magnitude until you reach a tall oak tree just outside the buildings of the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory in Tallahassee, Florida. After that, begin to move from the actual size of a leaf into a microscopic world that reveals leaf cell walls, the cell nucleus, chromatin, DNA and finally, into the subatomic universe of electrons and protons."

Science 101 Crossword:

The Science Club:

News articles, videos, images books and references on health and medicine, mind and brain, plants and animals, earth and climate, space and time, matter and energy,
computers and math, fossils and ruins.

Science Fair Projects on the web:

Science Friday:

Science in Focus: Shedding Light on Science:

Science News for Kids:

Science of Baseball:

Science of Sound:

Science Posters Series from the Earth Observing System at the Goddard Space Flight Center. The posters can be ordered "gratis" and the feature also contains downloadable versions and worksheets for use in your classroom. The four posters are entitled, "Air", "Water", "Land", and "Ice", and are available at:

Science Netlinks:
Searchable database of science lessons and tools for K-12

Science Toy Maker:
"Mysterious, Kinetic, Noisy, Do-It-Yourself Science Projects that Entice Scientific Investigation"

Science Toys You Can Make With Your Kids:

Scientific Method Scrambled Words:

Scientifically Speaking Crossword Puzzle:

Seattle Aquarium:

The Secret Lives of Sea Horses:
Monterey Bay Aquarium Exibit

Secrets of the Ocean Realm:

"The Regional Visualization and Monitoring System helps government officials, managers, scientists, researchers, students, and the general public make decisions by providing Earth observations and predictive models based on data from orbiting satellites.

Sesame Street Fire Safety Station Pre-School Curriculum:
Featuring the likes of Big Bird, Oscar the Grouch and other Sesame Street favorites, the U.S. Fire Administration offers Sesame Street Fire Safety Station, a pre-school education project. The activity book and accompanying CD helps educators reach preschoolers with simple, memorable fire safety messages. The full kit is restricted to preschools and fire departments. However, some portions are available to download or to order individually.

The Sheep Brain Dissection Guide:

A Sightseer's Guide to Engineering:
Visit a nuclear power plant in Idaho or Maryland at the this site. Help yourself to a virtual tour of sites across the United States where civil engineers have been at work. Search by engineering disciplines for "civil/environmental" and visit one of the sites that are listed on the next screen. The pumping station on the Alaska Pipeline, the Hoover Dam, and San Francisco's Goldent Gate Bridge all can be visited virtually .

Silly Billy's World: Somtimes Not So Silly: Teaching computer Graphics Writing for Children:
Lesson ideas across the curriculum explore both whales and ocean life in this third grade unit. For whales, students must work in teams to research a specific whale, and then create a tailored diorama reflecting
its marine environment.

Silly Putty - use equal parts white glue and liquid starch. Put about 1/4 cup of each in a styrofoam cup and stir like crazy with a popsicle stick.

Simple Machines:

Simple Machines:

Simple Machines:

Simple Machines:

Simple Machines:

Simple Machines:
By Edheads for Grade Levels 2-6 with Teacher's Guide

Simple Machines:

Simple Science:
It's drippy, messy, gooey, slimy, tons of fun--and it's science... Explore these hands-on ultra-cool science projects and recipes in your classroom, with Dancing Raisins, Musical Fractions, and Educational Goo. Be sure to try the Related Activities as well, offering more in math and music, and reinforcing both the scientific method and lab write-up procedures.

"A web site devoted ot areas of science where computer simulations are at the forefront of discovery."

SMILE: Science and Mathematics Initiative for Learning Enhancement:

Smithsonian Zoogoer Magazine:

Solar System:
From National Geographic

A Solar System Coloring Book:

Something Froggy:
Choose your grade level and then travel through an interactive frog land to learn about frog anatomy and habitat.

The Sound Site:
Activities, Perfomance, Discussions, Soundcards

Space Foundation:
"Mission: To advance space-related endeavors to inspire, enable and propel humanity"


Spiders of North-West Europe:

Splash into an Aquarium:

The StarChild: A Learning Center for Young Astronomers:

Standford Solar Center:
There are lesson plans, hands-on projects, and ways to integrate science with other subject areas at this site.

StarDate Online:
Tells about the stars as seen in the night sky on this day and has the answer to a frequently asked question about the planets and stars that changes daily

States of Matter:

Stellaluna's Teacher's Resources:

Steve's Ant Farm:

Stowaway Adventure-Adventues on the High Seas:
"Have you evedr dreamed of being a stowaway? Well, here is your chance to get your feet wet with an adventure onboard a real ship sailing the high seas!"

Strange Matter: Discover the secrets of everyday stuff!:

Stridulation Sounds of Black Fire Ants (Solenopsis richteri) in Different Situations:

Study of the Earth:
"Everything Comes From Our Natural Resources"

A little paint, a little bubble magic, a few paper towels and bowls, and voila, your class has accom plished their very own bubble art.

Sunrise Sunset Calendar: Selected Major World Cities and places of interest:

Switch Zoo:
"Play animal games and make new animals at this virtual zoo!"

Tacky the Penguin:
A reader's theatre

Taking a Stand: Pros and Cons of Forest Fires:
In this interactive and multi-disciplinary lesson, students learn about forest fires and the positive and negative effects they have on the ecosystem. Students will look at real-time
data and primary source documents.

Tales from the Hive:
"...companion Web site for the Nova program "Tales From the Hive" originally broadcast on Tuesday, January 4, 2000. In this NOVA program, our cinematographer literally filmed inside a hive and followed bees in flight to capture closeups of honeybee behavior.

Talking Trash:

News, Ideas, Information - Education and Learning Portal

The Tech Museum of Innovation:

Then and Now, Public Health from 1900 to Today:

There Are Algae in Your House!:
How is the ocean useful to us on a daily basis? How about the foods we eat? This lesson plan and student take-home worksheet illustrate how we eat many algae products on a daily basis. Have your students guess
first on which food items contain algae derivatives, before continuing on with the lesson plan.

Thinking Fountain:

This Week in the History of Chemistry:
Day by day descriptions of events, with links to further information.

A Thousand Friends of Frogs:
The Center for Gloabal Environmental Education, "Connecting children, parents, educators, and scientists to study and celebrate frogs and their habitats."

The Thylacine Museum:
A Natural History of the Tasmanan Tiger

Toledo Zoo:
Toledo Zoo We Cams (Live 24 hour Video):


Tox Town:
"Environmental health concerns and toxic chemicals where you live, work, and play"

Track the Weather:
This simple idea only takes a few moments a day, but allows students to participate in scientific data gathering and recording.

Treasures @ Sea:

Triumph of Life:
Log on to the Web site companion of this PBS television series to learn about the four billion-year-old story of evolution. Your students can learn how scientists believe
life on Earth began. Find access to evolutionary timelines, download video clips that demonstrate scientific concepts, or log on to the filmmaker's diary to discover how this educational series was produced.

True Scientific Literacy for All Students by Stewart E. Brekke:

TryScience is your gateway to experience the excitement of contemporary science and technology through on and offline interactivity with science and technology centers worldwide. TryScience has over 400 science centers worldwide.

Twister: The Tornado Story:

Under the Sea:
Transform your classroom into an undersea environment this summer, with crepe paper, yarn, crayons, and these instructions.

Understanding Clouds and Fog:

The Ultimate Science Fair Resource:

USAToday Storm Center:

USDA: National Agricultural Library:

USGS: This Dynamic Earth: the Story of Plate Tectonics:

USGS: Science for a Changing World:
United States Geological Survey


USGS Education:
for science teachers and students in grades K-12 and undergraduate

USGS Image Gallery:
From the Earth Resources Observation adn Science (EROS) Center

U.S. Geological Survey: Start with Science:
As the Nation's largest water, earth, and biological science and civilian mapping agency, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) collects, monitors, analyzes, and provides scientific understanding about natural resource conditions, issues, and problems. One of its components, the Current Natural Hazards Events: provides a tool that helps monitor, respond to, and analyze natural hazards, (hurricanes, earthquakes, fires) around the world.

USGS: Understanding Plate Motion:

USGS: Yellowstone Volcano Observatory:

USGS Water Cycle: Follow a Drip:
The U.S.Geological Survey follows a water drip from ocean to cloud and back down again in this site for middle and high-school students. Their hydrologic (water) cycle diagram is available in a variety of languages.

USGS Water Science School:

University of California Museum of Paleontology:

Virtual Cave:
Caves are cool! Learn about Solution Caves, Lava Tube Caves, Sea Caves and Erosional Caves. Students can also investigate caves near their homes with links in the U.S. Show Cave Directory.
Grade Level: Elementary, Middle School, High School
Content Area: Science (Earth Science), History & Social Studies(Geography)

A Walk Through the Woods:
This website is designed for children in grades 3 through 5 who have little or no opportunity to visit the woods. It is divided into several parts, including a virtual walk in the woods that features narration. Students also can click on various icons and learn about the animals and plants they might see. Another part contains tips on getting ready for a walk in the woods, including precautions and trail etiquette. A teachers' guide is included on the site to enhance classroom use.

A Walk Through Time:
This fabulous site, produced by the National Institute of Standards and Technology,has sections on Ancient Calendars, Early Clocks, A Revolution in Timekeeping, The "Atomic" Age, World Time Scales and Time Zones, NIST Time Services, and a Bibliography.

Washington Apples:

The Water Cycle:
A LodZpme Science site about evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and collection

Watershed Ecology:

Waves, Sound and Light:

The Weather Channel:

Weather Wiz Kids:

Web Weather for Kids:
Learn about weather forces and news stories; explore the basics of forecasting through activities and games.

WebElement: theperiodic table on the web:

Weight and Motion: Classroom Activity:
Lesson plan from The National Science Center

"...interactive educational web site which focuses on whales and marine research." Sections for students, teachers, and the public.

Whales - 4-8 Teacher's Guide:

What Chemistry Is All About:  Everything is made of substances we call the elements.  Elements are the simplest forms of anything, or the basic stuff on Earth. A chemist is a person who works with elements and studies how they react with each other. 
Chemists use symbols to stand for the elements.  They often use the first letter as the symbol.  O is the symbol for oxygen.  When two elements begin with the same letter, a second letter is added.  Ne is the symbol for neon.  Some of the symbols are based on old words that we do not use today.  Au is the symbol for gold.   Ag is the symbol for silver.
By using the periodic table, chemists keep records and write simple recipes, or formulas, to tell:  if one substance will react with another, how much of a substance to mix to get another substance, or what will happen when they do mix and react.
A Russian scientist named Dmitri (duh-MEE-tree)Mendeleev (men-del-LAY-uv) was a college professor and scientist.  His interest in cards and chemistry helped him come up with a brilliant idea that is still used by chemists today.  He wrote the symbols for the elements on cards and spread them all out on a table.  He found that he could group them together in a pattern based on how each one behaved when compared with each other.   He made a chart that we call the "periodic table."  Today, no chemist would be without one.
Most of the elements in the periodic table are metals.  The bold line divides the metals from the non-metals.  When the Russian scientist made this discovery, he knew about only 63 elements.  Since that time, scientists have discovered new elements.   Today there are 112.  All of the elements in the up-and-down rows are alike in some ways.  The numbers at the top are called atomic numbers.  The letters are symbols for the elements. 
Here are some everyday things and some of the elements from which they are made: 
Table salt;  sodium [Na] and chlorine [Cl]
Fluoride toothpaste; fluorine [F]
Glass; silicon [Si] and oxygen [O]
Pencil points; carbon [C]
Matches; sulfur; [S]
Water; oxygen [O] and hydrogen [H]
People are quite a mixture of elements.  Your body is a wonderful chemical plant made up of elements.  For example, your hair and fingernails are made up of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur.  Your skin is made up of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and phosphorus. 
Even the books you read are made up of the elements carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen.
One way to tell an element is by its color.  Color helps chemists tell one element from another.  Iron [Fe] is gray.  Chlorine [Cl] is yellow-green.  Some forms of carbon [C] are black.  Sulfur [S] is yellow.
Signs glow in different colors because they contain different elements in gas form.   When electricity passes through neon gas, it glows bright red.  Mercury lamps glow blue-purple.  Sodium lamps give off a yellow light. 
When the color of a substance changes, it probably means that a chemical change has taken place.  A new substance has been produced.  Iron, which is gray, turns to a red substance when it rusts.  White sugar turns brown and then black when heated.   When certain rays from the sun strike the skin, chemicals in the skin change to form a substance called melanin, a dark-colored chemical that gives skin a tan.   Color changes tell us when to eat a banana.  In the store, they might be green.  Most people like to eat them when they ripen and turn yellow.
from The Mini Page by Betty Debnam, Times Herald-Record, Saturday, October 31, 1998

What Is It Like Outside Today:
From HotChalk

What is Photosynthesis?:

The What's Different Game of the Week:

What's So Simple About Machines? - an Internet Sampler on Simple Machines:

The Why Files: The Science Behind the News:

Windows Into Wonderland:
"Since 2001, Yellowstone has been offering eTrips to share the resources and treasures of the world's first national park."

Windows to the Universe:
"Explore the wealth of information here to learn about the Earth and Space sciences and related topics in the humanities including mythology, art, poetry, and more."

Wonderville (Science Alberta Foundation):
Wonderville was created to spark kids' interest in science. In Wonderville, they can engage in scientific experiments, locate science facts, download exclusive screensavers and desktop wallpaper. Teachers and parents will want to know that the scientific activities are based in the Alberta Learning science curriculum for grades 4 - 6 and include outcomes, objectives and technical requirements contained in
a 'Read Me' file specific to each activity.

Woodland Park Zoo:

Wooing Mates with Acoustic Tricks:

World Carrot Musuem:

World Science:

World Weather Information Service:
Official weather observations, weather foreecasts and climatological information for selected cities around the world.

World Wildlife Federation Climate Curriculum for Teachers:
The World Wildlife Federation Climate Change Team has developed a free comprehensive educational curriculum that will elevate students' knowledge of climate change and ways to help.
The high school-level curriculum is divided into 15 lessons which include handouts, a glossary of terms and additional resources for ongoing discussions and research. 

World Wide Web Pages for Dam Design:
Learn about hydrology, concrete dams, enbankment dams, and spillways. All ages of students can benefit from knowledge of the ways water is stored, and shared. This website could be a starting point for examining dams and water usage in your region.

The World's Biomes:
This biome site from the University of California, Berkeley was created several years ago by a biology class. It divides the world into five biomes: aquatic, deserts, forests, grasslands and tundra. Middle school and high school students will be able to overlook the fact that this site has very few pictures and will find an excellent bibliography for further study.

Wow It's A Cow:

The Wright Brothers - Wilbur and Orville:

Wright Experience:

Wright Flight:

Write the Book on Weather Metrics:

Yahoo! Kids:

Yahoo! News Weather:

You try it!:
Grades: 6 - 12
Have a blast with these interactive science experiments that don't require any messy clean-up! Rock the world in the tectonics activity, where you can smash continents together to see what happens;
zap a human brain to see what parts of the body move; or you can try your hand at genetic manipulation as you replicate DNA and synthesize proteins. Background information and related resources are provided with each activity.

Your Online Astronomy Headquarters:

YPOP Film Festival:
"The Film Festival room is literally a festival of films, solar films that is."

"This television series for preschoolers and young schoolagers provides the perfect medium for introducing your children to the wonderful world of animals."

Zoo Animals: Arts and Crafts:

Zoom Dinosaurs:

Zoomsci: Mix hot science with your cool ideas!: 


This site began in March 1998 and was created by Janet Luch.  This page was last updated on June 6, 2014 .
Email to .